NewDelhi: The Ministry of Human Resource Development has been renamed as Ministry of Education, Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank announced on Wednesday after a Cabinet meeting. The Cabinet also approved the New Education Policy 2020 (NEP2020) which seeks to overhaul the education system in the country. This will replace the National Education Policy framed in 1986 and modified in 1992.
The Cabinet has approved new National Education Policy (NEP), the first in almost 34 years. This is the third NEP after the ones adopted in 1968 and 1986, with the second one modified in 1992. A panel led by former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan had submitted the draft of the new NEP to Union Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' last year.
As per National Education Policy 2020, the 10+2 structure in school education will be modified with a new pedagogical and curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 covering ages 3-18. The foundational stage will cover ages 3-8, while the preparatory stage will include Classes 3 to 5. The middle stage will cover Classes 6-8 and secondary stage includes Classes 9 to 12.
As per the new National Education Policy, mother tongue/home language/regional language will be a medium of instruction till at least Class 5, and preferably till Class 8. Further, the board examination will be low stakes and based on knowledge application. Meanwhile, Sanskrit will be offered at all school levels and higher education as option.
Coding to be taught to students from Class 6 onwards
The government on Wednesday approved the New Education Policy where it said coding will be taught to students from Class 6 onwards. "Coding grows computational and mathematical thinking among the children," School Education Secretary Anita Karwal said. Besides this, 21st-century skills will also be integrated into the curriculum, she added.
We will achieve 50% Gross Enrolment Ration by 2035
Addressing a press conference on the new National Education Policy (NEP), Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare said, "We will achieve 50% Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) by 2035." "There are over 45,000 affiliated colleges in our country. Under Graded Autonomy, Academic, Administrative and Financial Autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation," he added.
Under the new National Education Policy (NEP) adopted by the Union Cabinet, the National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer common entrance exams to each university. The government has announced a multiple entry and exit system for undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. The credits will be transferred through Academic Bank of Credits, said Amit Khare, Higher Education Secretary.